UMD CMNS Physics S1 Color

Ian Appelbaum Named 2016 APS Fellow

Ian Appelbaum, Professor of Physics, has been elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society (APS) "for advancing the study of spin-polarized electron transport in semiconductors, especially the fundamental processes revealed by coherent and time-resolved spin transport over macroscopic distances in silicon and germanium."

Fellowship is a distinct honor signifying recognition of "exceptional contributions to the physics enterprise" by one's professional peers. The total number of newly elected Fellows in any one year cannot exceed one-half of one percent of Society memberships.

More information on Professor Appelbaum and his research can be found on his website.


 

Harry Dahl Holmgren, 1928-2016

Professor Emeritus Harry D. Holmgren, who retired from the University of Maryland Department of Physics in 1993, died on September 29, 2016. He was 88.

Prof. Holmgren received his B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. in physics from the University of Minnesota. Following completion of his doctorate in 1954, he was appointed as a physicist at the Naval Research Laboratory, where he worked before joining this Department as an Associate Professor in 1961. In 1965, he was promoted to full Professor and was appointed Director of the UMD Cyclotron Laboratory, a post he held for 13 years. That facility was described in a Washington Post feature article in 1977, citing "man's ageless struggle to unlock the secrets of the universe".

Prof. Holmgren was President of the Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) from 1980-87, the crucial period in which that consortium of 31 campuses successfully sought federal funding for the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) in the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab). During his presidency, he forced the organization to look beyond the accelerator envisioned by the University of Virginia physics group, which was based on old technology. Instead, he persuaded Hermann Grunder from the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab to join the CEBAF group as director, leading to the innovative design of the accelerator. Prof. Holmgren also pushed SURA to consider other possible areas of research; this led to SURAnet, a high-speed communications web among 18 East Coast campuses funded by the NSF and directed by UMD computer scientist Glenn Ricart. Many of today's internet protocols were developed by SURAnet.

Prof. Holmgren was a Fellow of the American Physical Society, and was honored during his career with an AEC Pre-doctoral Fellowship, the E. O. Hulbert Award of the NRL, the Arthur A. Fleming Award for an Outstanding Young Scientist in Government, a NATO Postdoctoral Fellowship and Honorary Membership of the Maryland Academy of Science. He was appointed a Distinguished Visiting Scientist at the University of Paris at Orsay and was a member of Sigma Xi and Phi Beta Kappa.

 

Prange Prize Awarded Sept. 20, 2016

Nobel laureate Frank Wilczek of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology received the 2016 Richard E. Prange Prize and Lectureship in Condensed Matter Theory and Related Areas on September 20, 2016. Prof. Wilczek delivered a public lecture entitled "Some Intersections of Art and Science” and presented a Condensed Matter Theory Center/Joint Quantum Institute seminar entitled “Anyons”.

The Prange Prize, established by the UMD Department of Physics and Condensed Matter Theory Center (CMTC), honors the late Richard E. Prange, whose distinguished professorial career at Maryland spanned four decades (1961-2000). The Prange Prize is made possible by a gift from Prof. Prange's wife, Madeleine Joullié, a Professor of Chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania. Introducing Wilczek was Sankar Das Sarma, who holds the Richard E. Prange Chair in Physics at UMD and is also a Distinguished University Professor and Director of the CMTC.

 

Profs. Sankar Das Sarma, Madeleine Joullié and Steve Rolston congratulate Frank Wilczek on winning the Richard E. Prange Prize.

 

Prange Prize

UMD Professors & Alumnus Named 2016 Thomson Reuters Citation Laureates

UMD Professors & Alumnus Named 2016 Thomson Reuters Citation Laureates

Yorke, Ott, Grebogi named top contenders for Nobel Prize in physics for developing method to control chaos

Two professors and an alumnus from the University of Maryland have been selected as 2016 Thomson Reuters Citation Laureates in physics. The Citation Laureates program uses a variety of criteria, including scientific research citations, to identify the most influential researchers who are likely to win the Nobel Prize.

The Citation Laureate trio includes Edward Ott, UMD Distinguished University Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Department of Physics, and the Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics; Celso Grebogi, UMD alumnus and the Sixth Century Chair in Nonlinear and Complex Systems at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland; and James A. Yorke, UMD Distinguished University Professor Emeritus in the Department of Mathematics, Department of Physics, and the Institute for Physical Science and Technology.

The scientists received the honor for their description of a control theory of chaotic systems that came to be known as the "OGY method," after the order their last names appeared in their paper describing the method. That paper, which has been cited 4,087 times according to the Web of ScienceTM, was published in the journal Physical Review Letters in 1990.

"Different people have different research goals. One of mine is to have an impact on the way other people work by providing them with interesting new ideas. Perhaps being named being named Citation Laureate is recognition that my collaborators and I are succeeding in that goal," said Yorke, who is known worldwide for coining the term "chaos."

While most researchers try to avoid chaos in physical, chemical or biological systems altogether, Ott, Grebogi and Yorke developed a method to control chaos in such systems and even improve system performance. The basic idea begins with the significant observation that an infinite number of unstable periodic orbits are embedded in a chaotic attractor. To employ the OGY method, one selects an unstable orbit that yields improved performance and stabilizes it by applying small system perturbations to the attractor. However, the perturbation must be tiny compared with the overall size of the attractor to avoid significant modification of the system's natural dynamics.

"Our method renders an otherwise chaotic motion more stable and predictable," said Ott. "It was also the first method to take advantage of the attributes of chaotic dynamics and use them for a specific purpose."

Researchers have used the OGY method to control chaos in a variety of systems, including turbulent fluids, oscillating chemical reactions, magneto-mechanical oscillators and cardiac tissues.

"We are excited, but certainly not surprised, that University of Maryland faculty members and alumni are considered to be in the running for the Nobel Prize in physics," said Jayanth Banavar, dean of the College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences at UMD. "Professors Ott, Grebogi and Yorke have authored classic works in the field of chaos theory, with far-reaching impact in areas including meteorology, the life sciences, computer science and economics."

Two UMD physics faculty members previously won the Nobel Prize in physics: Distinguished University Professor William Phillips in 1997 and College Park Professor John Mather in 2006. In addition, UMD alumnus Raymond Davis Jr., B.S. '37, M.S. '39, chemistry, received the Nobel Prize in physics in 2002.

"To appear in the 2016 Citation Laureates is a great honor," said Grebogi. "While we are delighted to be included, it is unlikely that we can compete this year against the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) gravity experiment, the first direct detection of gravitational waves and a result long awaited since Einstein's prediction of gravity waves in 1916. It is, nevertheless, a privilege to have our work—which opened up a whole new area of research and changed philosophically our way of thinking about chaos—considered in the same company as such a significant breakthrough in physics."

The annual Citation Laureates study has predicted 39 Nobel Prize winners since 2002.

"Highly-cited papers turn out to be one of the most reliable indicators of world-class research, and provides a glimpse at what research stands the best chance at being recognized with a Nobel Prize," said Jessica Turner, global head of government and academia, Intellectual Property and Science, Thomson Reuters.

About UMD's Citation Laureates

Edward Ott received his bachelor's degree in electrical engineering from The Cooper Union in 1963, and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in electrophysics from The Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn in 1964 and 1967, respectively. In 1968, he joined the faculty at Cornell University and came to UMD in 1979. He is a fellow of the IEEE, the American Physical Society, the World Innovation Foundation, and the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

Celso Grebogi, M.S. '75, Ph.D. '78, physics, remained at UMD as a faculty member from 1981 until 2001, with appointments in the Department of Physics, Department of Mathematics, Institute for Plasma Research, and Institute for Physical Science and Technology. After serving as professor at the University of Sao Paulo's Institute of Physics, he joined the University of Aberdeen in 2005. He is a fellow of The Royal Society of Edinburgh, the Brazilian Academy of Sciences, the World Academy of Sciences, the American Physical Society, and the Institute of Physics.

James A. Yorke, Ph.D. '66, mathematics, came to UMD in 1963 as a mathematics graduate student and joined the faculty as an assistant professor in 1967. In 2003, he was awarded the Japan Prize, one of the most esteemed science technology prizes. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Mathematical Society, and the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

About the University of Maryland

The University of Maryland, the state's flagship institution of higher education, is one of the nation's preeminent public universities. A global leader in research, entrepreneurship and innovation, UMD is home to nearly 38,000 students, 10,000 faculty and staff, and 250 academic programs, and counts more than 344,000 alumni. Its faculty includes three Nobel laureates, three Pulitzer Prize winners, 51 members of the national academies and scores of Fulbright scholars. The institution has a $1.86 billion operating budget and secures $500 million annually in external research funding. For more information about the University of Maryland, visit www.umd.edu.

More information can be found at http://go.umd.edu/if7 or contact Abby Robinson, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

CNAM and JQI Members on Team Awarded $33M from Australian Research Centre

The Australian Research Council (ARC) has just announced $283.5M in funding for nine ARC Centres of Excellence, including the ARC Centre of Excellence in Future Low Energy Electronics Technologies. The team, which includes Johnpierre Paglione of CNAM and Victor Galitski, William Phillips and Ian Spielman of the Joint Quantum Institute, will be led by former CNAM Director Michael Fuhrer and established at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia. The Centre will develop the scientific foundation and intellectual property for new electronics technologies to decrease energy consumption by realising fundamentally new types of electronic conduction. More information can be found in the media release.  http://go.umd.edu/i3i