Description
**Event start time has been updated to 2:30pm**
Speaker: Horacio Casini
Speaker Institution: Centro Atómico Bariloche, Argentina
Title: Markovian property of vacuum state and the a-theorem
Abstract: The vacuum state reduced to a region of the space gives a density matrix which can be written in a thermal-like form. In this "thermal" density matrix the role of the Hamiltonian is played by the so called entanglement or modular Hamiltonian. Surprisingly, this modular Hamiltonian has a local universal expression in terms of the stress tensor for a large class of regions with boundary on a null plane. We will show that this property, together with strong subadditivity of entanglement entropy, give place to an entropic version of the a-theorem about irreversibility of the renormalization group in d=4.